Bash Scripting

https://sushant747.gitbooks.io/total-oscp-guide/basics_of_linux.html

Iterate over a file

This script will iterate over a file and echo out every single line:

#!/bin/bash
for line in $(cat file.txt);do
echo $line
done

Another way of writing is this:

#!/bin/bash
while read p; do
echo $p
done <file.txt

For-loops

#!/bin/bash
for ((i = 0; i < 10; i++)); do
echo $i
done

Another way to write this is by using the program seq. Seq is pretty much like range() in python. So it can be used like this:

#!/bin/bash
for x in `seq 1 100`; do
echo $x
done

If statement

$1 here represent the first argument.

if [ "$1" == "" ]; then
echo "This happens"
fi

If/Else

#!/bin/bash
if [ "$1" == "" ]; then
echo "This happens"
else
echo "Something else happens"
fi

Command line arguments

Command line arguments are represented like this

#!/bin/bash
$1

This is the first command line argument.

Daemonize an execution

If you do a ping-sweep with host the command will take about a second to complete. And if you run that against 255 hosts I will take a long time to complete. To avoid this we can just deamonize every execution to make it faster. We use the & to daemonize it.

#!/bin/bash
for ip in $(cat ips.txt); do
ping -c 1 $ip &
done

Use the output of command

It has happened to me several times that I want to input the output of a command into a new command, for example:

I search for a file, find three, and take the last line, which is a path. Now I want to cat that path:

#!/bin/bash
locate 646.c | tail -n 1

This can be done like this:

#!/bin/bash
cat $(locate 646.c | tail -n 1)